Multi-Frame Blind Deconvolution
Given multiple images, with different aberrations, of the same object one can use phase-retrieval algorithms to reconstruct the original object within limits.
What information can be derived from photometric light curves?
High Performance Computing (HPC)
Take your problem domain, analyze the algorithms, split them apart as possible, and run them on as many processors as necessary to achieve optimal speedup.
The polarization of the light from an object is governed by its interaction with the surface that reflects it. This is additional information that can be used for classification or identification of resident space objects.